Use negation with caution --- fire safety education for children
Author: Children's Fire Safety Education Time: 2018-11-05 read: Category: Fire Knowledge
， 无论在哪都是无时无刻都会教育的一种。 Children's fire safety education is a kind of education that is available all the time. 公众消防安全教育中 ， 运用到的教育方法就是 否定法 啦！ Then the education method used in China's public fire safety education is negative ! 儿童消防安全教育 要慎用 否定法 ！ But again, negation should be used with caution in children's fire safety education !
在一张流行甚广的消防知识挂图里， 其中有一副就是 小孩用蜡烛照明在床底下找东西 ， 旁白搭配了文字为不能这么做。 There is a case in a popular fire-fighting knowledge wall chart. One of them is a child looking for something under the bed with candle lighting . The narration is accompanied by text to prevent this. 一个小孩在玩火，旁边的老爷爷告诉他不能玩火。 In another painting, a child was playing with fire, and the old grandfather next to him told him that he could not play with fire. 在我们看来 是很成问题的。 It is in our opinion very problematic to use negation education arbitrarily .
刑侦题材的电视剧或电影 ， 里边有对 罪犯巧妙的作案方法做详细的描述 ， 个人觉得这是会有 负面效应 的， 有些人会模仿他们的行为，因为事实上让他们学会了作案的方法。 I have seen some TV dramas or movies about criminal investigation . There are detailed descriptions of criminals' ingenious crimes . I personally think that this will have negative effects . Some people will imitate their behavior because they have actually been learned. Methods of committing crimes. If the negative method is used carelessly in children's fire safety education, similar negative effects will also occur.
儿童的感性认识能力 是相对来说很 强 的 ，他们看了那幅点了蜡烛在床底下找东西的漫画，就记住了这一场景 。 In fact, children's perceptual cognition ability is relatively strong . They watched the cartoon that lit candles and looked for something under the bed, and remembered the scene . 是！ But ! They had a weak sense of reason and did not remember the advice to tell him not to do so. 给他解释这么做的危害性 的情况下看了这些类似的画，其实 负面效应 是很大的。 If in this case, the child saw these similar paintings without anyone explaining the dangers of doing so , the negative effect would be very great. 这就违背了当初用这幅画传播儿童消防安全教育的初衷 了 。 The editor thinks that this is contrary to the original intention of using this picture to spread children's fire safety education .
在公众消防安全教育中 应该要 少用否定法，必须使用时，要反复说明的观点，并在实践中一直这么做了 。 Therefore, we should use negation in public fire safety education less frequently. When we must use it, we must repeat the point of view and always do it in practice . 在 对 儿童消防安全教育上 ， 可以让儿童 看到火柴、打火机要向家长报告，家长要把火柴、打火机放在儿童拿不到的地方 。 For example, in children's fire safety education , children can see matches and lighters to report to parents, and parents should keep matches and lighters out of children's reach . 杜绝他们玩火的机会 。 Tell the children what to do and stop them from playing with fire . 家长如何使用火柴、打火机。 This way they will remember how parents use matches and lighters.
给他们讲火灾的危害等道理 ， 他们是会很难去理解的，这样的话 只要他们有机会接触火柴、打火机，就无法排除他们玩火的可能性。 Children's curiosity is very great. If you simply tell them about the dangers of fire and so on , they will be difficult to understand. In this way, as long as they have access to matches and lighters, they cannot rule out the possibility of playing with fire. Sex. 让他们看到火柴、打火机就报告家长 ， 对于儿童而言， 就是 阻止他们玩火最好的方法，减少他们玩火的可能性 ， 这也可以算是 最好的防患于未然的办法 。 On the contrary, if you let them see matches and lighters and report to parents , for children, it is the best way to prevent them from playing with fire and reduce their possibility of playing with fire . This can also be regarded as the best way to prevent problems before they occur. .
通过理性教育来提高他们的消防安全素质，在他们的理性认识能力提高后 来教育是有很好的效果的 。 For big friends, we can improve their fire safety quality through rational education. After their rational knowledge is improved, education has a very good effect . 综合 多方面的有关知识，才能在儿童消防安全教育中收到预期的效果 。 Children's fire safety education involves not only firefighting knowledge, but also pedagogy, psychology, behavioral science and other aspects of knowledge. Only by drawing on the successful experience of others and synthesizing a variety of relevant knowledge can we receive it in children's fire safety education . Expected effect .
This article TAG tags: Fire safety education